When you research a topic you may use information from articles, books, or the Web to support your ideas. However, you must credit the original authors of these sources by citing them. To cite means that you state where you found the information so that others can find the exact item again. In this way we build upon the ideas and knowledge of other people.
As you do your research, keep a list of your sources–books, periodicals, and the Web. Below is the type of information you need to write down from a citation with each of its important parts labeled. There are a number of different styles or formats for citations. Which style you use depends upon the subject discipline you are working in. If you are uncertain about which style to use, ask your professor. Copyright is a complex and confusing area of the law these days.